"Predictors of HIV Enacted Stigma among Chilean Women", Giovanna De Oliveira, PhD, PI

This secondary analysis of baseline data from Mano a Mano-Mujer investigates predictors of HIV enacted stigma (HES) among Chilean women.

HIV infection is the number one cause of death worldwide among women during their reproductive years. The parent study (see Rosina Cianelli listings) was conducted in two low-income communities located in Santiago, Chile. Results showed that more than 77.8% of women in this study reported high levels of HES. After controlling for the other predictors in the model, education and higher levels of HIV-related knowledge were associated with lower levels of HES. Furthermore, greater levels of marianismo were associated with higher HES scores. The findings of this research could serve as the basis for nurses to develop HIV community-based prevention interventions that target the reduction of HES in the Chilean community. The results from this study were published in the Journal of Clinical Nursing. The parent study was funded by the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (TW006977; PI: Cianelli).